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Why This is Important Now

Date Issued: 

Aboriginal Rights…A New Paradigm of Dispute Resolution

Currently in the media we are seeing more and more stories related to first nations, to disputes, to treaties, and to resulting court decisions.   We are seeing long standing issues between Aboriginal communities and governments come to light and resolutions created.  These resolutions take the form of Supreme Court of Canada (and other Courts) decisions, Land Claim Agreements, Specific Claim Agreements, Self-Government Agreements and other formal instruments such as the apology by the Government of Canada for Residential Schools abuses.

The relationship between Aboriginal peoples and governments are changing from one of dependency to one of self-reliance/self-government based on a new vision of a “government to government” relationships.

A new paradigm of dispute resolution, led by the Supreme Court of Canada and based on the reconciliation of interests, is replacing the confrontational approach and win/lose approach of the past.

It is impossible to provide the entirety of the discussions and negotiations that have led to these changes.  However, it is possible to provide, in one place, this web site:

  • the documents that explain the origin of the relationship between Aboriginal peoples and representative governments,
  • the significant documents that are crucial to the evolution of that relationship and
  •  the significant decisions that are pointing a new way forward.

The object is to allow people, who wish to engage in the debate,  access to documents and decisions of the past and present. With this information, they make their own interpretations based on the facts, rather than being influenced by what they have been told or read in newspapers.

 

Court Decisions

Date Issued: 

Band Profiles

Date Issued: 

ALBERTA

BRITISH COLUMBIA

MANITOBA

NEWFOUNDLAND

NEW BRUNSWICK

NORTH WEST TERRITORIES

NOVA SCOTIA

ONTARIO

PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND

QUEBEC

SASKATCHEWAN

YUKON

Interactive Map

Treaties

Date Issued: 

We have the following treaties in our database:

1

1817 The Selkirk Treaty (Man)

Chippeaway or Sautaux Nation, and the Killistine or Cree Nation

 Type:

 2

Robinson Superior Treaty

September 7, 1850

Ojibway

Type: Land Surrender

Payment: £2000 one time payment and $4 per Indian, annually

Other: Hunting and fishing permitted except on tracts sold, leased and occupied with the consent of the provincial government. No mention of education, medical care, or intoxicants.

3

Robinson Huron Treaty

September 9, 1850

Ojibway

Type: Land Surrender

Payment: £2160 one time payment and $4 per Indian, annually

Other: Hunting and fishing permitted except on tracts sold, leased and occupied with the consent of the provincial government. No mention of education, medical care, or intoxicants.

4

The Manitoulin Treaty

October 1862

Odawa and Ojibway

Type: Land Surrender

Payment:

Other: $700 one time payment and annual per capita interest payment from proceeds of land sales with two portions to each Chief. No mention of education, medical care or intoxicants.

5

Treaties One & Two

1871

THE CHIPPEWA AND CREE INDIANS OF MANITOBA

Type: Land Surrender

 6

Treaty Three

1873

Saulteaux Ojibway of the Northwest Angle

Type: Land Surrender

Payment:One time payment of $12 per Indian, farm equipment, seed and flag and medal to each Chief. Annual presents of $1,500 for ammunition and twine; Metis to have their own fund, and triennial clothing. $25 per year paid to Chiefs, $15 per headman and $5 per Indian.

Other: Education (maintain a school on the reserve), prohibit liquor on reserve until authorized, protect Indians from liquor. No mention of medical care.

7

Treaty Four

September 1874

Cree and Saulteaux Ojibway, Fort Qu’Appelle

Type: Land Surrender

Payment:

Other:

8

Treaty Five

1875

SAULTEAUX AND SWAMPY CREE TRIBES OF INDIANS AT BEREN’S RIVER AND NORWAY HOUSE WITH ADHESIONS

Type: Land Surrender

 9

Treaty Six

1876

Plain and Wood Cree and the other Tribes of Indians

Type: Land Surrender

 10

Treaty Seven and Supplementary Treaty

1877

BLACKFEET AND OTHER INDIAN TRIBES

Type: Land Surrender

 11

Treaty Eight

1899

Cree, Beaver, Chipewyan and other Indians

Type: Land Surrender

 12

Treaty Nine (James Bay Treaty)

1905

Ojibeway, Cree and other Indians

Type: Land Surrender

 13

Treaty Nine – (Schedule of Reserves- 1905)

1905

Various?

Type: Land Surrender

 14

Treaty Ten

1906

Chipewyan, Cree and Other Indian

Type: Land Surrender

 15

Treaty Eleven

1921

Slave, Dogrib, Loucheux, Hare and other Indians

Type: Land Surrender

16

Chippewa Treaty (Ont)

1923

CHIPPEWA INDIANS OF CHRISTIAN ISLAND, GEORGINA ISLAND AND RAMA

Type: Land Surrender

 17

Mississauga Treaty (Ont)

1923

MISSISSAUGA INDIANS OF RICE LAKE, MUD LAKE, SCUGOG LAKE AND ALDERVILLE

Type: Land Surrender