Why Now


July 1, 2016 – Northern Gateway Project approval overturned

The Canadian government failed in its duty to consult with aboriginal people before giving the green light to a controversial pipeline proposal to link Alberta’s oilsands to British Columbia’s north coast, the Federal Court of Appeal has ruled. More >>>

May 9, 2016 – Canada will sign on to the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP)

« We are now a full supporter of the declaration, without qualification, » Indigenous Affairs Minister Carolyn Bennett said, as she addressed the Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues at the United Nations in New York City. More>>> 

Oct 15, 2015 – HORSEMAN V. CANADA, 2015 FC 1149

Horseman sought to certify a class action suit on behalf of himself, his band and all the Numbered Treaties members on the grounds that Canada had failed to adhere to the intent of the Treaties with respect to annual Treaty Payments. Specifically, that the amount of the payment should have been adjusted over time: “in order to maintain a value equivalent to its buying power at the time each of the Treaties was made.” More >>>


July 12, 2014Grassy Narrows First Nation and Wabauskang First Nation vs Ontario

In addition to the clarification of Constitutional Law and the division of Constitutional rights and obligations as it pertains to an assertion of infringement of Treaty or Aboriginal rights, this case has other significant outcomes. For decades, at negotiating tables, Aboriginal negotiators have adopted the position that their ancestors signed Treaty with the Imperial Crown and that Canada (by which is meant the Federal Government) is the only legitimate interlocutor when Treaty and Aboriginal rights are involved. More>>>

Why Now

In the past 30 years there has been an evolving and fundamental reassessment of the relationship between the Indigenous peoples of Canada and the Canadian population as a whole. The roots of the change might be traced back to the American Indian Movement (AIM), the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, the Canadian Comprehensive Land Claims policy, the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples, recognition of an Inherent Right of Indigenous peoples to Self-Government, progressive decisions of the Supreme Court of Canada and, most recently the Final Report of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada. Whatever the source, there is an ever growing realization by the people of Canada that the relationship between the Crown and Indigenous peoples, a relationship whose hallmark was to be “The Honour of the Crown” has gone very badly wrong. There is a growing consensus that change, transformative change, must and will happen to redress the Crown/Indigenous relationship.

Unhappily, the vast majority of Canadians, both Indigenous and non-Indigenous, do not have ready access to the Legislation, Policies, Court Decisions and other records which form the fabric of the relationship from “first contact” to today. For those who wish to learn about our history, who are caught up in the changes happening around us and who wish to participate in the changes to come, access to the fundamental building blocks of the relationship are essential. This web site is intended to provide access to as many of those essential records as possible. A knowledge of our shared history is essential to a shared and very different future. The site does not pretend to be exhaustive and any additions and corrections are welcome and will be incorporated as soon as possible.

Users should be aware that a vast body of knowledge is missing from this web site. The oral histories of Canada’s Indigenous Peoples are entirely absent as is the wealth of information contained in those histories concerning the relationship between the Crown and Indigenous people. This web site intends no insult to Canada’s Indigenous Peoples because those Oral Histories do not appear here. It is not my story to tell.

This web Site is dedicated to all those Indigenous people I worked with in Western Canada and the Northwest Territories and particularly to the people and Elders of Deline, NWT who worked so long and so hard on my education.

Kevan Flood

March 2016


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